The city of Hong Kong is a cultural melting pot, and as a result, you’ll see Chinese statuettes and Buddhist symbols competing for space with trendy Western outfits and other items of fashion.
A number of cultural institutions in Hong Kong, including the Hong Kong Heritage Museum, the Hong Kong Museum of Art, the Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts, and the Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra, receive funding from the Hong Kong government. In addition, the government’s Department of Leisure and Cultural Services provides financial support to overseas performers who come to Hong Kong and also sponsors their performances.
Languages in Hong Kong
Both Cantonese, which is a form of Chinese, and English are recognized as valid forms of communication in Hong Kong. The Cantonese vernacular is the language that is heard and understood the most frequently throughout the territory. In addition to Mandarin (Putonghua), Shanghainese, and Chiu-Chow, there are a number of other Chinese dialects that are spoken.
Education in Hong Kong
The educational system in Hong Kong is quite comparable to that of the United Kingdom, and it adheres to extremely stringent quality requirements. The Hong Kong education system begins with an extensive primary level curriculum. Chinese, English, and Mathematics are considered to be core subjects, with a secondary focus placed on Music, Physical Education, and the Arts. Secondary education in Hong Kong is mostly modeled after the English educational system, and the majority of students attend schools that only cater to one gender. The majority of pupils attending grammar schools are forced to make a decision between three different streams in Form 4, namely “Science,” “Arts,” and “Commerce,” depending on the policy of the institution. When Form 5 is completed, students are prepared to take the Hong Kong Certificate of Education Examination (HKCEE). The test is comparable to the GCSEs and O-levels that are given in the UK.
There are eight universities and a number of different types of higher institutions, and tertiary education plays an important part in the overall education system. There are 19 distinct subjects accessible at the Advanced Level, while there are 20 distinct subjects available at the AS level . Because of the substantial funding provided by the government, most full-time, undergraduate, degree-granting programs cost less than their counterparts in other countries. Tertiary institutions in Hong Kong draw a large number of international students due to the city’s status as a global financial center.
Health Care, Disease Control, Crime and Safety in Hong Kong
The healthcare and medical system in Hong Kong are both of a very high standard. Before you leave, make sure you have comprehensive travel insurance that will cover any medical bills incurred while traveling abroad. In hot weather, you should stay away from public drinking fountains and instead bring bottled water with you.
Certificates of immunization are typically not required, despite the fact that some vaccinations, such as those against cholera, diphtheria, and tetanus, hepatitis A and B, influenza, polio, and typhoid, are strongly recommended. Dengue fever and Japanese encephalitis are two diseases that can be transmitted to humans by mosquitoes and can have sporadic outbreaks.
It is generally agreed that both men and women, during the day and at night, can move around Hong Kong without undue concern for their safety. There is a high risk of pickpocketing in crowded places like the Star Ferry waiting line or outdoor markets where there are a lot of people.
The Economic Activity of Hong Kong
A free market economy that is highly dependent on foreign trade may be found in Hong Kong. Over the course of the previous few years, the territory’s connections to China’s main landmass have become stronger. Even before Hong Kong was returned to Chinese control on July 1, 1997, strong commercial and financial links already existed between the two countries.
During the past ten years, Hong Kong’s manufacturing industry has shifted to the mainland, which has resulted in the rapid expansion of Hong Kong’s service economy. In order to maintain its position as a viable competitor to the expanding number of financial hubs in China, Hong Kong has stepped up its attempts to secure approval to provide a wider range of financial services on the mainland. Due to the scarcity of natural resources in Hong Kong, food and other essential supplies must be brought in from elsewhere.
A solid rise in exports, a boom in tourism from the mainland as a result of China’s easing of travel restrictions, and a return of consumer confidence resulted in the resumption of strong growth from late 2003 through 2006. Although the outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2003 also harmed Hong Kong’s economy, the resumption of strong growth occurred from late 2003 through 2006. In addition, beginning in late 2005, a number of significant initial public offerings (IPOs) of Chinese companies that have been listed on the Hong Kong stock exchange have helped to elevate Hong Kong’s status as a center for the financial industry and have contributed to the enhanced performance of the market in late 2006.
Governing Bodies and the Political Structure of Hong Kong
The Chief Executive Officer (CE) is in charge of Hong Kong’s administration and leads the government of Hong Kong, which is a Special Administrative Region of China. Hong Kong’s government is led by the Chief Executive Officer (CE). The Chief Executive appoints secretaries to run the various departments of the government, and those secretaries’ decisions must be approved by the Central People’s Government in Beijing. After 1997, the role of head of government in Hong Kong was taken over by the Chief Executive of Hong Kong, who had previously been the Governor of Hong Kong. The Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China is the entity that the CE is accountable to.
The Honorable Donald Tsang Yam-kuen GBM JP KBE MPA serves as the company’s Chief Executive Officer at the present time.
The Chief Executive is helped in his or her duties by the Chief Secretary for Administration (CS), the Financial Secretary (FS), and any other secretaries who are in charge of policy bureaus. The Secretary for Justice (SJ) is in charge of all legal issues pertaining to the government as well as the prosecution of criminal charges that occur inside the territory. The Commission on Ethics (CE) receives direct reports from both the Independent Commission Against Corruption and the Audit Commission.
A Brief Overview of the History of Hong Kong
There is evidence of human habitation on Hong Kong dating back more than five millennia, and the region was initially influenced by stone-age cultures from northern China. In 1699, the British East India Company completed the first successful sea mission to China. Shortly after this event, the trading relationship between Hong Kong and British merchants flourished significantly. In accordance with the terms of the Treaty of Nanking, which was signed in 1842 following the Chinese defeat in the First Opium War (1839–1842), Hong Kong was handed over to the British. In the latter half of the 19th century and the early part of the 20th century, Hong Kong grew into a major warehouse and distribution center for British businesses doing business in southern China.
Following the conclusion of World War II and the communist takeover of Mainland China in 1949, hundreds of thousands of Chinese citizens made their way to Hong Kong in search of a better life. The economy of Hong Kong flourished, and it became a hub for tourism, commerce, and finance in addition to industry. After more than 150 years of British colonial control, China commenced exercising its sovereignty over Hong Kong on July 1, 1997, thereby bringing an end to British authority. The People’s Republic of China recognizes Hong Kong as a Special Administrative Region, which grants the territory a high level of autonomy in all spheres of government with the exception of foreign and defense policy.Overview and History of Australia